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 In Dentistry

A pain experienced while you chew something is not a simple thing to be ignored. You might be suffering from an abscessed tooth. An abscessed tooth or a Dental Abscess is a result of a bacterial infection within a tooth that has spread to the root tip or around the root. When the soft tissue inside the root canal of a tooth called pulp becomes inflamed losing its ability to fight off infection then an abscessed tooth is formed. The abscess is a collection of pus which can form in different parts of a tooth causing moderate to severe pain radiating to your ear or neck at times.

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Types of dental abscesses

There are three most common types of dental abscesses seen depending on the location. They are:

  • Periapical abscess – This is an abscess that occurs at the tip of the root as a result of an untreated dental cavity, an injury or prior dental work. It originates from the soft, inner part of your tooth called pulp and exits out the tooth’s apex at the bottom of the root. Bacteria enter the pulp within your teeth, usually through a cavity.
  • Periodontal abscess – This is an abscess which occurs on the gum next to the root of a tooth. It might also spread to the surrounding tissue and bone. Treatment will depend on where the infection originates. It can be either caused due to Gum disease or may be the result of an injury.
  • Gingival abscess – This is an abscess on the gums. A foreign body, such as a popcorn hull or toothbrush bristle, gets embedded in your gums.

Possible symptoms that are commonly seen

  • A persistent, severe toothache that spreads all along the jaw bone to the ear and down the neck.
  • Highly sensitive teeth for hot and cold food
  • High temperature
  • Facial redness and swelling
  • Difficulty in swallowing or breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Swelled, red gums
  • Pain or sensitivity while chewing
  • Swelled lymph nodes in the neck
  • The Release of salty liquid with a foul smell and taste in the mouth cavity
  • Pain that gets worse when you lie down
  • Discolored or loose teeth

Risk factors involved

These are some of the factors that may increase your risk of a tooth abscess:

  • Poor dental hygiene – Taking proper care of your teeth and gums is important. Not brushing your teeth twice a day and not flossing increases the risk of tooth decay, gum disease, tooth abscess, and other dental and mouth complications.
  • A diet high in sugar – Foods rich in sugar, such as sweets and sodas can also contribute to dental cavities which may lead to a tooth abscess. Avoid the frequent consumption of such foods.
  • Dry mouth – A Dry mouth may be due to the side effect of certain medications. It can also be due to aging issues. Anyways this can increase your risk of tooth decay.

Prevention of Tooth abscess

Following a proper oral hygiene regime at the best dental clinic Abu dhabi  will help you in preventing tooth abscess.

  • Regularly brush and floss your teeth
  • Do not drink high-fluoride drinking water
  • Change your toothbrush in every four months or whenever the bristles are frayed
  • Visit our Dental Clinic in UAE every six months for regular checkups and professional cleanings
  • Rinse your mouth with warm salt water
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), as needed
  • Eat healthy food, limiting sugary items and between-meal snacks
  • Use an antiseptic or a fluoride mouth rinse to add an extra layer of protection against tooth decay

Diagnosis

Consult the best dental clinic Abu dhabi , AESMC where you could examine your tooth and the surrounding area by an efficient dentist. Your dentist may tap on your teeth to know whether the root is sensitive to touch or pressure. He can also recommend an X-ray of the aching tooth to identify an abscess and determine whether the infection has spread, causing abscesses in other areas. Sometimes a CT scan is recommend to check whether the infection has spread to other areas within the neck, assessing the extent of the infection.

Treatment

Treatment for an abscessed tooth depends on your symptoms. Your dentist might start with a dental X-ray and his focus will be on clearing up the infection and relieving pain. A dental X-ray enables him to observe whether the infection has spread to other areas. Generally the following treatments are performed for a patient with Dental abscess by any best dentist in Abu Dhabi.

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  • Drain the abscess – A small cut is made in the abscess to drain out the pus followed by washing the area with salt water. Your dentist will place a small rubber drain to keep the area open for drainage while the swelling decreases.
  • Perform a root canal – By drilling down into your tooth the diseased central tissue is removed and abscess is drained. This saves your tooth by eliminating the infection. The tooth’s pulp chamber and root canals are then filled and sealed. If it’s a back tooth then it may be capped with a crown to make it stronger.
  • Pull the affected tooth – This is the procedure of draining the abscess to get rid of the infection by extracting your tooth. This is generally done if the affected tooth is too damaged and can’t be saved.
  • Prescribe antibiotics – Antibiotics are prescribed if the infection has spread beyond the abscessed area to nearby teeth, your jaw or other areas to stop it from spreading further. Oral antibiotics are prescribed if you have a weakened immune system also.
  • Removal of foreign object – With a saline solution your dentist could remove any foreign object in your gums which has caused your abscess. The area is completely cleaned relieving your pain.

Our expert doctors in AESMC, best dental clinic Abu dhabi will examine you and offer the best treatments before your dental infection becomes severe and affects the dental bone. If any of the symptoms listed are seen then do contact us to regain your perfect smile back in action.

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