Everything You Need to Know About Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Prolapse of the pelvic organs is a disease that has been going on since the beginning of mankind. Ever since humans learned to walk upright, gravity has been found to cause prolapse in women. Even prolapse is mentioned in the medical literature of ancient times, the oldest of which is the Egyptian creation. Find out more about pelvic organ prolapse here.
About 10 percent of young women and 50 percent of middle-aged women may suffer from prolapse. It is worth noting that despite this, most women do not have much knowledge about this disease. That is why it is important that we know and understand this disease closely.
All these organs are found in the pelvis of the woman – uterus, bladder, rectum and vulva. All these organs are held in place by the pelvic muscles and ligaments. These organs also get a lot of support from the pelvic floor so that they do not move. But when these muscles and ligaments are stretched or torn, they can no longer support the pelvic organs as they used to. Because of this, those limbs start falling down.
Pelvic muscles and ligaments support a woman's uterus so that it stays in place. But when these muscles become weak then these organs are not able to get support and they start descending. Sometimes these organs come out from the vagina.
What can cause prolapse?
There are a number of factors that can increase the chances of prolapse in women. Those reasons are:
- Aging and Menopause – As women enter menopause , the amount of the hormone estrogen in the body decreases. Because this hormone strengthens the pelvic muscles, a decrease in it increases the chances of prolapse.
- Pregnancy and childbirth – Sometimes pregnancy and childbirth affect a woman's pelvis. During pregnancy, the pelvic muscles can become stretched so that they do not provide the necessary support to the organs.
- Obesity – Due to the increase in obesity, the body becomes heavy, due to which the stomach puts more pressure on the pelvic organs and takes them downwards. Anyone can suffer prolapse from this.
- Long-lasting constipation or constipation – Due to constipation, women have to exert more pressure to defecation. Doing this over a long period of time can weaken the pelvic muscles, increasing the chances of a prolapse.
- Long lasting constipation or constipation – Due to constipation, women have to exert more pressure to defecation. Doing this over a long period of time can weaken the pelvic muscles, increasing the chances of a prolapse.
- Prolonged cough – Like constipation, prolonged coughing also puts pressure on the pelvic muscles, making them weak.
What are the symptoms of prolapse?
The symptoms of a prolapse depend on the type and the extent to which the organ is protruding from the vagina.
Following are some of the symptoms that you may feel when prolapse occurs –
- Feeling of heavy pressure on the lower abdomen and vulva
- protrude from the vagina
- having trouble having sex
- inability to completely empty the bladder
- frequent urination
- Difficulty passing urine or defecation
- slight passing urine when laughing, coughing, or sneezing
Pelvic Organ Prolapse Treatment
Adam and Eve Specialized Medical Centre provides advanced treatments to help relieve symptoms caused by pelvic organ prolapse. If you are feeling one or more symptoms listed above, book an appointment with our gynecologist today.